Reducing Urban Heat Islands: Compendium of Strategies – Urban heat island basics

Hashem Akbari, Ryan Bell, Tony Brazel, David Cole, Maury Estes, Gordon Heisler, David Hitchcock, Brenda Johnson, Megan Lewis, Greg McPherson, Tim Oke, Danny Parker, Alan Perrin, Joyce Rosenthal, David Sailor, Jason Samenow, Haider Taha, James Voogt, Darrell Winner, Kathy Wolf, Barry Zalph - Climate Protection Partnership Division in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Atmospheric Programs

As urban areas develop, changes occur in the landscape. Buildings, roads, and other infrastructure replace open land and vegetation. Surfaces that were once permeable and moist generally become impermeable and dry. This development leads to - the formation of urban heat islands—the phenomenon whereby urban regions experience warmer temperatures than their rural surroundings.

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